Seed Certification

Seed Certification or Seed  Production

In this high – quality certified seed is prepared for high crop production.

What is seed-

  • It is highly productive.
  • Which is unaltered
  • Which has high germination percentage.
  • Which is genetically pure.

Types of seed-

  • Nucleus Seed
  • Breeder Seed.
  • Foundation Seed.
  • Certified Seed.
  • Hybrid Seed.
  • Truthful level seed (TL)
  • What kind of seed can be produced-
  • Hybrid Seed- this kind of seed can be produced by highly skilled persons or scientists. This can also be produced by the farmers but after a long training and practical experience.
  • Generally Certified and foundation seeds are produced by the farmers.
  • Production of such kind of seeds is very easy to farmers.
  • Mostly self-pollinated crop like wheat, chickpea, soybean, lentil, arhar (Pigeon Pea ) etc.
  • Farmers can produce only seed of notified varieties of these crops.
  • Farmers can search online, notified varieties of different crops.
  • How certified seed can be produced by farmers-
  • Farmers can produce certified seed individually or forming an institutional agency viz.
  • Personnel.
  • Proprietor farm.
  • Farmer Groups
  • Society.
  • Farmer Producer Company.
  • Private company.
  • How seed production is done-
  • Contact agriculture department of own district.
  • Contact Deputy Director Agriculture of Agriculture Department of own District.
  • Or contact seed certification officer of your district.
  • Details of seed certification officer can be found on websites.
  • Each state has his own certification agency website. So, search it online or google.
  • Documents for seed Certification-
  • Khata Khasra (B-I)
  • Photo of farmer
  • Seed license from agriculture department.
  • Agreement letter with seed grader plant. (Mostly each district or nearby district has grading plans so farmers can search details of grading plant of their district on website of state seed certification agency. 
  • Application-
  • Fill the certification application completely
  • Deposit the fee of seed certification which is 800-1500 Rs. /hectare
  • Apply for certification through seed certification officers of your district.
  • Last Date for application-
  • Last date is 30 June to 15 July in case of khar  if crops season.
  • Last date is 30 October to 30 December in case of Rabi Crops.
  • Sometimes date may be changed according the state or crops seasons.
  • Seed Production-
  •  For the certified seed production, purchase foundation seed from the reliable of government agency with bill. If farmers do not know about the agency, they can take help from seed certification officer.
  • The foundation seed selling agency – Krishi vigyan kendre, government agriculture farms, old or already exists societies, state certified seed production agency, national seed corporations etc. can be found in their district.
  • Now sowing of this seed is done as the crop is sown.
  • Inspection-
  • Seed certification officer comes 2-4 times to inspect the crop. He comes before the sowing, at the time of standing crop and at grading of seed.
  • Then he takes sample of seed and send it to testing laboratory for germination test, moisture test and purity test etc.
  • If the produced seed follow the seed certification standard or requirement then certification tag is provided to the seed producers.
  • The producer can pack the seed and can sell it to other farmers or agency.
  • Benefit of Seed Production-
  • Farmers can produce seed easily.
  • This is just like crop production, in this some government rule and regulation have to follow only.
  • Seed is very costly, so reduce the cost of cultivation and to do the business of seed, farmers can do seed production.
  • When farmers are the producers and the consumers as well than why farmers should not grow their own seed. Please Thinks about it.
  • Seed Certification websites of some States-
  • For Madhya Pradesh state-
  • http://mpssca.org/
  • For Rajasthan-
  • http://rssopca.in/
  • For Uttar Pradesh-
  • http://upseedcert.upsdc.gov.in/Index.aspx.
  • For Hariyana-
  • http://hssca.org.in.
  • farmers can search for their on state.
  • for more information see the following video –
  • प्रमाणित बीजों की उपार्जन दर व उत्पादन पर अनुदान, Procurement Rate of Certified Seed
  • https://youtu.be/8-rBlxQE_-g
  • प्रमाणित बीजों पर अनुदान , Seed Subsidy and Rate of Seed-
  • https://youtu.be/Hf1M3u7VOrQ
  • Farmer Producer Company-
  • https://youtu.be/wCGCoPiyK_8
  • License of Fertilizer, Seed & Pesticides-
  • https://youtu.be/O76-B3obmTY

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